quarta-feira, 10 de agosto de 2016
quarta-feira, 22 de junho de 2016
O Tai Chi Chuan faz parte da cultura e dos costumes chineses, e tal como outras práticas, teve o seu desenvolvimento ao longo da história chinesa. A teoria mais conhecida sobre a origem do Tai Chi Chuan é que em 1200 d.C. o monge Taoista Chang San-Feng, fundou um templo na montanha Wudang, para a prática do Taoismo, visando o supremo desenvolvimento da vida humana. O mestre Chang ensinava a harmonia do Yin / Yang como um meio de melhorar o desenvolvimento da mente e das habilidades físicas, a meditação, assim como, movimentos naturais do corpo estimulados por uma energia interna, que deveria ser desenvolvida a determinado nível. Este complexo sistema de práticas recebeu o nome de Tai Chi Chuan.
Na época o Tai Chi Chuan também foi criado com propósitos de combate, como arte marcial para o desenvolvimento externo e interno. Mas com o passar dos séculos esta função foi sendo relegada em favor dos propósitos relativos ao desenvolvimento da saúde.
Durante séculos os verdadeiros e dedicados mestres permaneceram nas montanhas juntamente com os seus alunos, levavam uma vida monástica com o objectivo de manter a arte pura, meditavam e praticavam diariamente para elevar o espírito, a condição da mente, disciplinar o corpo. E desta forma, o sistema original foi preservado mais ou menos intacto.
Esta tradição teve um importante papel na passagem do conhecimento e da sabedoria do Tai Chi Chuan para a sociedade e o poder da sua influência foi capaz de fluir profundamente em todas as classes sociais chinesas. Os mestres do Tai Chi Chuan eram considerados como símbolos de sabedoria, eram respeitados por praticarem a justiça, a caridade, educação e as artes de medicina. Estes mestres da antiguidade incentivavam o povo a ser mais disciplinado, saudável, bondoso e inteligente, e foi com esses objectivos que o aspecto da arte marcial do Tai Chi Chuan se desenvolveu.
Actualmente na China esta arte está em toda a parte; nos parques, nos hospitais e clínicas, nos templos, empresas e fábricas. Pela manhã os parques das cidades na China, enchem-se de pessoas a praticar Tai Chi Chuan e Chi Kung. As estimativas oficiais indicam, que o número de cidadãos chineses que praticam nos parques varia de 80 a 200 milhões, e isto ocorre devido aos programas do ministério da saúde publica da China.
O Tai Chi Chuan é composto de movimentos relaxantes, desenvolvidos para estabilizar o equilíbrio das forças vitais do organismo (a união da energia Yin e Yang), isto ajuda todo o corpo a executar as suas funções de maneira mais eficiente. A prática destes movimentos suaves, ocasiona um impacto no
sistema nervoso central e constrói uma base para melhorar os outros sistemas orgânicos do corpo: esqueleto, músculos, aparelho circulatório, sistemas linfático, aparelho excretor, glândulas endócrinas, sistema nervoso, aparelho digestivo e órgãos sensoriais.
Existem muitos estilos de Tai Chi Chuan assim como de Chi Kung, alguns desses estilos incluem formas com espadas, leques, bastões, onde as pessoas procuram expressar a beleza dos movimentos.
Alguns dos benefícios do Tai Chi Chuan:
- Aumento da vitalidade, aumentando a energia e a disposição;
- Fortalecimento do sistema nervoso;
- Aumento da atenção e concentração mental;
- Desenvolvimento pleno do potencial mental e espiritual;
- Equilíbrio de todos os sistemas orgânicos do corpo;
- Melhora a serenidade e o equilíbrio das emoções;
- Diminui o stress e a sobrecarga mental;
- Aumento da flexibilidade, proporcionando um relaxamento muscular para todo corpo;
- Fortalecimento do sistema imunológico na prevenção de doenças;
- Superação dos medos e limites.
Pesquisas demonstram que o Tai Chi Chuan pode também curar ou melhorar significativamente doenças como: hipertensão arterial, asma, insónia, arteriosclerose e deformações ósseas, etc., e diminui a fase de recuperação de algumas doenças.
quinta-feira, 5 de maio de 2016
Dr Paul Lam, Sydney, NSW, Australia
I started Tai Chi from 1974 after graduating from Medical School. I have had osteoarthritis since my early teens. By the time I graduated my arthritis was quite debilitating I felt I really had to do something for myself. I remember in the village where I grew up in China, Tai Chi was considered effective for arthritis. I decided to give it a try. I tried a couple of teachers but did not feel comfortable with them. After a while I was fortunate to learn my late father-in-law was an accomplished Tai Chi practitioner and he had been my main teacher. Other great teachers have also helped me enrich my Tai Chi experience.
Over the years Tai Chi has virtually changed my life. Now in my late sixties, my arthritis is well controlled. I work more than twelve hours most days, teaching Tai Chi and practicing medicine. I feel happy and healthy. My Tai Chi journey has been more than just an enjoyment; it has become an integral part of my life. My memoir shares my life story including the tumultuous years struggling to survive starvation for several years.
I am glad to see so many people from all walks of life having wonderful experiences in their Tai Chi journey. I have enjoyed reading your stories; they will be an inspiration to all of us. Thank you for sharing.
Why I Learned Tai Chi: Listening to the Inner Voice of Wisdom, Caroline Demoise, Master Trainer, NC, USA
When I was in my early 40’s I had this persistent, recurring thought “If you want to be healthy when you are old, see a nutritionist now.”
One evening at a meditation class, I overheard a woman talking about a nutritionist, a shaman who had studied Chinese Medicine and decided to honour that inner voice. At the first visit, he radically changed my life. Sugar, salt, grains, alcohol and coffee were out. Fresh fruits, vegetables, fish, low fat meats and Tai Chi were in.
Because of these preventative practices, I have avoided several genetic health challenges in my family. I know in my heart that if I had not made these life altering changes in diet and embracing Tai Chi 25 years ago, I would not be the vibrant, healthy person I am today at 66.
I began Tai Chi for health reasons, 6 or 7 years ago. I had osteoporosis. I was a regular swimmer. Weight-lifting was out, I couldn’t walk any further than I already did – I felt like doing less rather than more exercise because I had contracted poliomyelitis in 1954.
A friend, Wendy, talked constantly about Tai Chi, clearly under the influence of some acute Asian fever. She took me to an outdoors practice. I asked the teacher, Elizabeth Halfnights, if I could join a regular class. She later admitted that she thought it would be too hard for me, but then, so did I.
I joined all of her classes: Beginners, Intermediate, and Advanced. The following year, I went to the St Vincent’s January workshop, and now I try to go every year, as well as to the Sydney updates. I have found something that I can do, despite a very fragile left side.
This year, with Wendy, I began to teach two classes a week, taking over from Elizabeth. What a big difference there is between demonstrating and following! We teach Long Yang and Tai Chi for Arthritis. Some of the more physically challenged members of the class are interested when I demonstrate toned down movements, in place of the more energetic kicks. Others are delighted when I suggest that they experiment to see how certain movements will fit in with their particular disability and disabilities are not only physical. We take in Tai Chi ‘refugees’ whose past teachers have reprimanded them for their weaknesses. We also teach strategies for remembering the routines, something we have all struggled with.
My bone density has returned to normal. I can finally perform TAI CHI without a prompting list of moves. We are helping others to experience the benefits of Tai- chi. Thank you Dr Lam and the wonderful Tai Chi workshops.
quarta-feira, 20 de abril de 2016
Tai Chi makes your brain bigger and can improve memory and thinking – possibly delaying the onset of Alzheimer’s disease, claim scientists. – The Telegraph –
A new study has revealed how elderly people practising Tai Chi – an ancient Chinese form of slow, meditative exercise – just three times a week can boost brain volume and improve memory and thinking.
As the exercise increases mental activity, scientists believe it may be possible to delay the onset of incurable Alzheimer’s in pensioners.
Dementia and the gradual cognitive deterioration that precedes it is associated with increasing shrinkage of the brain, as nerve cells and their connections are gradually lost.
Previous research has shown Tai Chi can help relieve stress, improve balance in the elderly and stave of high blood pressure – helping those who suffer from heart disease.
Although scientists know brain volume can be increased in people who participate in aerobic exercise, this is the first study to show a less physical form of working out, like Tai Chi, can have the same results.
Researchers conducted an eight month controlled trial on Chinese seniors, comparing those who practiced Tai Chi three times a week to a group with no intervention.
Participants also had lively discussions three times a week over the same time period, with results showing a similar increase in brain volume and improvements on memory and thinking as those exercising.
Findings also revealed the group who did not participate in Tai Chi showed brain shrinkage over the eight months – consistent with what generally has been observed for elderly people in their 60s and 70s.
The research suggests forms of exercise like Tai Chi, that include an important mental health exercise component, are associated with increased production of brain growth factors like aerobic exercise.
Dr James Mortimer, of the University of South Florida, said: “If this is shown, then it would provide strong support to the concept of ‘use it or lose it’ and encourage seniors to stay actively involved both intellectually and physically.
“The ability to reverse this trend with physical exercise and increased mental activity implies that it may be possible to delay the onset of dementia in older persons through interventions that have many physical and mental health benefits.
“Epidemiologic studies have shown repeatedly that individuals who engage in more physical exercise or are more socially active have a lower risk of Alzheimer’s disease.
“The current findings suggest that this may be a result of growth and preservation of critical regions of the brain affected by this illness.”
The study, helped by Fudan University, China, was published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease.
Retirado de: http://www.yangshuotaichi.com/tai-chi-improves-memory/
domingo, 13 de março de 2016
This gentle form of exercise can help maintain strength, flexibilyt, and balance, and could be the perfect activity for the rest of your life.
Tai chi is often described as “meditation in motion,” but it might well be called “medication in motion.” There is growing evidence that this mind-body practice, which originated in China as a martial art, has value in treating or preventing many health problems. And you can get started even if you aren’t in top shape or the best of health.
In this low-impact, slow-motion exercise, you go without pausing through a series of motions named for animal actions — for example, “white crane spreads its wings” — or martial arts moves, such as “box both ears.” As you move, you breathe deeply and naturally, focusing your attention — as in some kinds of meditation — on your bodily sensations. Tai chi differs from other types of exercise in several respects. The movements are usually circular and never forced, the muscles are relaxed rather than tensed, the joints are not fully extended or bent, and connective tissues are not stretched. Tai chi can be easily adapted for anyone, from the most fit to people confined to wheelchairs or recovering from surgery.
Tai chi movement
“A growing body of carefully conducted research is building a compelling case for tai chi as an adjunct to standard medical treatment for the prevention and rehabilitation of many conditions commonly associated with age,” says Peter M. Wayne, assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and director of the Tai Chi and Mind-Body Research Program at Harvard Medical School’s Osher Research Center. An adjunct therapy is one that’s used together with primary medical treatments, either to address a disease itself or its primary symptoms, or, more generally, to improve a patient’s functioning and quality of life.
You don’t need to subscribe to or learn much about tai chi’s roots in Chinese philosophy to enjoy its health benefits, but these concepts can help make sense of its approach:
Qi — an energy force thought to flow through the body; tai chi is said to unblock and encourage the proper flow of qi.
Yin and yang — opposing elements thought to make up the universe that need to be kept in harmony. Tai chi is said to promote this balance.
Tai chi in motion
A tai chi class might include these parts:
Warm-up. Easy motions, such as shoulder circles, turning the head from side to side, or rocking back and forth, help you to loosen your muscles and joints and focus on your breath and body.
Instruction and practice of tai chi forms. Short forms — forms are sets of movements — may include a dozen or fewer movements; long forms may include hundreds. Different styles require smaller or larger movements. A short form with smaller, slower movements is usually recommended at the beginning, especially if you’re older or not in good condition.
Qigong (or chi kung). Translated as “breath work” or “energy work,” this consists of a few minutes of gentle breathing sometimes combined with movement. The idea is to help relax the mind and mobilize the body’s energy. Qigong may be practiced standing, sitting, or lying down.
The benefits of tai chi are generally greatest if you begin before you develop a chronic illness or functional limitations. Tai chi is very safe, and no fancy equipment is needed, so it’s easy to get started. Here’s some advice for doing so:
Don’t be intimidated by the language. Names like Yang, Wu, and Cheng are given to various branches of tai chi, in honor of people who devised the sets of movements called forms. Certain programs emphasize the martial arts aspect of tai chi rather than its potential for healing and stress reduction. In some forms, you learn long sequences of movements, while others involve shorter series and more focus on breathing and meditation. The name is less important than finding an approach that matches your interests and needs.
Check with your doctor . If you have a limiting musculoskeletal problem or medical condition — or if you take medications that can make you dizzy or lightheaded — check with your doctor before starting tai chi. Given its excellent safety record, chances are that you’ll be encouraged to try it.
Consider observing and taking a class. Taking a class may be the best way to learn tai chi. Seeing a teacher in action, getting feedback, and experiencing the camaraderie of a group are all pluses. Most teachers will let you observe the class first to see if you feel comfortable with the approach and atmosphere. Instruction can be individualized. Ask about classes at your local Y, senior center, or community education center. The Arthritis Foundation (www.arthritis.org; 800-283-7800, toll-free) can tell you whether its tai chi program, a 12-movement, easy-to-learn sequence, is offered in your area.
If you’d rather learn at home, you can buy or rent videos geared to your interests and fitness needs (see “Selected resources”). Although there are some excellent tai chi books, it can be difficult to appreciate the flow of movements from still photos or illustrations.
Talk to the instructor. There’s no standard training or licensing for tai chi instructors, so you’ll need to rely on recommendations from friends or clinicians and, of course, your own judgment. Look for an experienced teacher who will accommodate individual health concerns or levels of coordination and fitness.
Dress comfortably. Choose loose-fitting clothes that don’t restrict your range of motion. You can practice barefoot or in lightweight, comfortable, and flexible shoes. Tai chi shoes are available, but ones you find in your closet will probably work fine. You’ll need shoes that won’t slip and can provide enough support to help you balance, but have soles thin enough to allow you to feel the ground. Running shoes, designed to propel you forward, are usually unsuitable.
Gauge your progress. Most beginning programs and tai chi interventions tested in medical research last at least 12 weeks, with instruction once or twice a week and practice at home. By the end of that time, you should know whether you enjoy tai chi, and you may already notice positive physical and psychological changes.
No pain, big gains
Although tai chi is slow and gentle and doesn’t leave you breathless, it addresses the key components of fitness — muscle strength, flexibility, balance, and, to a lesser degree, aerobic conditioning. Here’s some of the evidence:
Muscle strength. Tai chi can improve both lower-body strength and upper-body strength. When practiced regularly, tai chi can be comparable to resistance training and brisk walking.
“Although you aren’t working with weights or resistance bands, the unsupported arm exercise involved in tai chi strengthens your upper body,” says internist Dr. Gloria Yeh, an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School. “Tai chi strengthens both the lower and upper extremities and also the core muscles of the back and abdomen.”
Flexibility. Tai chi can boost upper- and lower-body flexibility as well as strength.
Balance. Tai chi improves balance and, according to some studies, reduces falls. Proprioception — the ability to sense the position of one’s body in space — declines with age. Tai chi helps train this sense, which is a function of sensory neurons in the inner ear and stretch receptors in the muscles and ligaments. Tai chi also improves muscle strength and flexibility, which makes it easier to recover from a stumble. Fear of falling can make you more likely to fall; some studies have found that tai chi training helps reduce that fear.
Aerobic conditioning. Depending on the speed and size of the movements, tai chi can provide some aerobic benefits. If your clinician advises a more intense cardio workout with a higher heart rate than tai chi can offer, you may need something more aerobic as well.
Retirado de: http://www.health.harvard.edu/staying-healthy/the-health-benefits-of-tai-chi
sábado, 20 de fevereiro de 2016
1. Tai chi gives you energy: Tai chi is related to the theories of Traditional Chinese Medicine which state that Qi, the flow of energy that sustains living beings, moves through the body along meridians, or pathways. When these pathways are blocked, illness and lethargy ensues. The movements of tai chi are designed to prevent or relieve blockages and allow Qi to flow freely through the body, leaving the practitioner feeling energised, alert and focussed.
2. It calms the mind: The slow movements associated with tai chi are a carefully formulated set of postures designed to strengthen the body and focus the mind. Aided by deep breathing techniques, they allow the practitioner to focus on achieving a meditative state, reducing mental and physical symptoms of stress and anxiety.
3. Regular practice helps reduce blood pressure: As both an aerobic exercise and a meditative technique, Tai chi can lower blood pressure.
4. And can relieve headaches, backaches and even insomnia: By stimulating the movement of Qi around the body, tai chi can reduce and remove energy blockages which cause aches, pains and other maladies.
5. The postures strengthen your arms and legs: Despite the focus on slow, deliberate movements, tai chi is an effective physical exercise – after all, it was initially designed as a martial art. Movements flow into one another, keeping the body in continuous motion and resulting in a strong core, arms and legs.
6. The physical practice can also unlock joints, preventing ailments such as arthritis: The low impact postures of tai chi are gentle on the joints but still increase mobility and range of motion in ankles, hips and knees.
7. Tai chi can reduce the risk of falls and injuries: As it improves strength, range of motion and spatial orientation, tai chi reduces the risk of falls or other injuries associated with frailty and loss of balance.
8. Tai chi improves the respiratory and cardiovascular systems: Although the heart rate decreases during tai chi, blood flow is increased, strengthening the cardiovascular system. In addition, the deep breathing techniques build up lung capacity, increase the amount of oxygen inhaled into the body and expel more waste gases and stale energy.
So, if you are looking for a holistic remedy to lethargy, stress or physical ailments, then you might just have found your answer…
terça-feira, 12 de janeiro de 2016
Se é de assistir a vídeos on-line ou experiências que você teve com diferentes professores ou mestres de tai chi, uma pergunta que vem pelo menos uma vez é: "Qual é o segredo" Mesmo que eu sou jovem, eu tinha o segredo passada para mim desde o meu professor. É simples e você pode começar a aplicá-lo hoje! Antes de eu lhe dizer qual é o segredo, eu vou lhe dizer o que não é. O que o segredo não é Primeiro, o segredo ... não é um segredo. Não há segredos! Há pessoas que vão discordar de mim e falar sobre algum segredo qigong / neigong exercícios, ou falar sobre "segredo" insights sobre a forma ou empurrar técnicas de mãos. Enquanto eu não concordar com a ideia de haver "inner circle" exercícios e discussões, todas as informações é necessário para obter os benefícios de saúde e empurre as mãos expertise está à vista de avião (agora mais do que nunca com a internet). Não acredita em mim? Aqui está uma citação do site Patrick Kelly (curiosamente escondido como texto branco perto da parte inferior da página): Não há segredos em Taiji - as coisas muito mais profundas do que as pessoas podem ver. Sifu William C. Phillips tinha que dizer isto em um artigo que escreveu sobre segredos (off-topic comentário: Se você seguir o link de Sifu William há um carretel do destaque EPIC de artes marciais com música igualmente épica lol!): Cheng Man-Ch'ing era conhecido por dizer: "Não há segredos", e ele significava que muito sinceramente. Não há nenhuma habilidade escondida. Veja! Não há segredos! E mesmo que eu já mencionei acima, eu quero mencionar de novo, não há técnicas, exercícios, meditações ou qualquer outra coisa que vai "desbloquear" o seu poder escondido tai chi, exceto para o que estou prestes a compartilhar com você ... Você está pronto? E o segredo é ... PRÁTICA! A citação exata eu tenho de Mestre Henry Wang foi: "O segredo é a prática." É isso aí. Isso foi realmente uma resposta que ele deu quando alguém perguntou: "Qual é o segredo para X?" As pessoas simplesmente gostam da ideia de haver algo mais. Algo místico e oculto. Nope. Apenas a prática. Não estou dizendo que não há perspectivas de nível superior e idéias, há. E você vai encontrá-los através da prática.
Artigo retirado de: http://www.blackhorsetaichi.org/